## enVision Florida B.E.S.T. MATH Vocabulary ➕➖🔢

## Kindergarten

Topic 1- Numbers 0 to 5

1) count:

2) one: a single quantity

3) two: one greater than one; one less than three

4) three: one greater than two; one less than two

5) number:

6) four: one greater than three; one less than five

7) five: one greater than four; one less than six

8) zero: no objects; a cardinal number indicating an empty set

9) order: arrangement according to size, amount or value

10) number line:

11) first: number one (an ordinal number)

12) second: position after first (an ordinal number)

13) third: the position after second (an ordinal number)

14) fourth: the number after three

15) fifth: the number after four

16) last:

Topic 2- Compare Numbers 0 to 5

1) equal:

2) same number as:

3) compare: to describe whether amounts or sizes are the same as, less than, or greater than each other

4) group:

5) greater than:

6) less than:

7) model:

Topic 3- Numbers 6 to 10

1) six: one greater than five; one less than seven

2) seven: one greater than six; one less than eight

3) eight: one greater than seven; one less than nine

4) nine: one greater than eight; one less than ten

5) ten: one greater than nine; one less than eleven

Topic 4- Compare Numbers 0 to 10

Topic 5- Collect, Sort, and Compare Data

1) category: a group or set into which things with common attributes are sorted

2) chart:

2) sort:

3) tally mark:

Topic 6- Understand Addition

1) put together:

2) in all:

3) addition sentence:

4) add: to join two sets

5) plus sign (+): add to; a symbol that shows addition

6) equal sign (=):

7) equation:

8) sum:

9) part:

10: whole:

Topic 7- Understand Subtraction

1) left:

2) take apart:

3) minus sign (-): a symbol that shows subtraction

4) subtract: taking apart or comparing sets

5) take away:

6) difference:

7) subtraction sentence:

Topic 8- Addition and Subtraction 0 to 10

1) break apart:

2) number bond:

3) operation:

Topic 9- Count and Represent Numbers 11 to 20

1) eleven: 10 ones and 1 one

2) twelve: 10 ones and 2 ones

3) thirteen: 10 ones and 3 ones

4) fourteen: 10 ones and 4 ones

5) fifteen: 10 ones and 5 ones

6) sixteen: 10 ones and 6 ones

7) seventeen: 10 ones and 7 ones

8) eighteen: 10 ones and 8 ones

9) nineteen: 10 ones and 9 ones

10) twenty: 20 ones

11) row:

Topic 10- Sums and Differences to 20

Topic 11- Recite Number Names to 100

1) pattern:

2) ones:

3) tens: set of 10 ones

4) column:

5) hundred chart:

6) decade:

Topic 12- Identify, Compare, and Compose 2-Dimensional (2-D) Figures

1) sides: the line segments that form a polygon

2) vertex (corner): the point where two sides of a polygon meet

3) next to: positional word

4) above: positional word

5) beside: positional word

6) behind: positional word

7) below: positional word

8) circle: a plane curve equidistant from the center

9) triangle: a two-dimensional, or flat, shape with 3 straight sides and 3 vertices

10) two-dimensional figure:

11) square: a two-dimensional, or flat, shape with 4 straight sides of equal length and 4 square vertices

12) rectangle: a two-dimensional, or flat, shape with 4 straight sides and 4 square vertices

13) in front of:

Topic 13- Identify, Compare, and Compose 3-Dimensional (3-D) Figures

1) roll: to move forward along a surface by turning over and over

2) slide: to move over a surface without lifting or turning

3) stack: to put one object on top of another

4) flat surface: a surface that is not curved

5) three-dimensional figure: solid shapes that have length, width, and height

6) cone: a three-dimensional shape with a round base and a point at the top

7) cube: a three-dimensional shape with six square faces

8) cylinder: a three-dimensional shape with two circular parallel bases and a curved surface

9) sphere: a rounded three-dimensional shape such as a ball

Topic 14- Identify, Compare, and Describe Measurable Attributes

1) length:

2) longer: having a greater length

3) shorter: having a lesser length or height

4) height:

5) taller: having a greater height

6) volume:

7) weight:

8) weighs:

9) heavier: having a greater weight

10) lighter: having a lesser weight

11) attribute:

12) balance scale:

13) empty:

14) full:

## MATH KEYWORDS 🔢

## Addition

altogether

in all

sum

join together

total

increase

combine

## Subtraction

left

difference

less

less or more than

take away

gone

fewer

decrease

more ____ than ____

how much change

compare

## Multiplication

total

in all

times

altogether

product

multiplied by

each

## Division

divide

share

quotient

for each

per or each

separated

equal groups

for one

## TIPS AND TRICKS📑

## Addition and Subtraction

## Great websites:

* Please visit Prodigy Game www.prodigygame.com for a wizard world filled with math

* We will also be using Freckle, iReady (math), and Successmaker for math strategies and learning.

The Addition Table:

## Multiplication

##

The Zero Multiplication Facts

Multiplication is repeated addition so:

0 x 3 = 0 + 0 + 0 = 0

0 x 7 = 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = 0

Because of the commutative property of multiplication:

0 x 4 = 4 x 0 = 0

0 x 9 = 9 x 0 = 0

Any number times zero is always zero!

The Ones Multiplication Facts

Multiplication is repeated addition so:

1 x 4 = 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 4

1 x 2 = 1 + 1 = 2

1 x 5 = 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 5

3 x 1 = 3

9 x 1 = 9

Because of the commutative property of multiplication:

1 x 4 = 4 x 1 = 4

1 x 8 = 8 x 1 = 8

Any number times one is always itself!

The Twos Multiplication Facts

Multiplication is repeated addition so:

2 x 4 = 4 + 4 = 8 (or 2 fours)

2 x 3 = 3 + 3 = 6 (or 2 threes)

2 x 5 = 5 + 5 = 10 (or 2 fives)

Because of the commutative property of multiplication:

4 x 2 = 2 x 4 = 8

8 x 2 = 2 x 8 = 16

Any number times two is the number doubled!

2 x 7 would be 7 + 7 or 14

6 x 2 would be 6 + 6 or 12

The Fours Multiplication Facts

Double-double the number you are multiplying four by. (Double it twice)

4 x 3 (Double 3 twice)

3 doubled is 6, 6 doubled is 12

4 x 6 (Double 6 twice)

6 doubled is 12, 12 doubled is 24)

Another way to figure the answer is double the answer you would get if you multiplied the number by 2.

4 x 3 (Double the 2 x 3 answer)

The answer to 3 x 2 = 6

Double the 6 to get 12

4 x 6 (Double the 2 x 6 answer)

The answer to 2 x 6 = 12

Double the 12 to get 24

The Fives Muliplication Facts

If you can count by fives, method 1 makes the fives simple

3 x 5 would be 3 fives. Count by five to the third number. 5, 10, 15 (The answer is 15, because the third number, when you count by fives, is 15)

6 x 5 would be 6 fives. Count by fives to the sixth number. 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 (The answer is 30.)

Because of the commutative property of multiplication:

5 x 3 = 3 x 5 = 15

5 x 6 = 6 x 5 = 30

The Nines Muliplication Facts

This is the one less = nine method

Subtract one from the number you are multiplying by. 9 x 5 (One less than 5 is 4)

The first number in the answer is 4. The two numbers that make up the answer will equal 9. So 4 + __ = 9 (5)

The last number in the answer is 5.

9 x 5 = 45

One less than 5 is 4 (45)

The answer adds up to nine. 4 + 5 = 9

Here is another example:

9 x 8

One less than 8 is 7. So the first number in the answer is 7.

7 + 2 equals 9. So the second number in the answer is 2.

Another Nines Method

Hold your hands in front of you with your fingers spread out.

For 9 X 3 bend your third finger down. (9 X 4 would be the fourth finger etc.)

You have 2 fingers in front of the bent finger and 7 after the bent finger

Thus the answer must be 27

This technique works for the 9 times tables up to 10.

Rhymes

Here are some rhymes that will help you remember some of the remaining times tables.

8 x 8 = 64

He ate and he ate and he sticks in the door, eight times eight is sixty-four.

Eight times eight fell on the floor, picked it up it's sixty four.

6 x 6 = 36

Six times six equals thirty six (It rhymes)

Chicks, Chicks, dirty chicks - six times six is thirty six.